Cambridgeshire Newspapers and the Cambridgeshire Researcher
Local newspapers are a most valuable source of information for the local historian of the 19th and 20th centuries - probably they constitute the most valuable record not only of events but also of opinions, and social conditions. Newspapers amplify the factual records contained in official minutes and court records. They afford glimpses of everyday activity that are not contained in any other source.
The following thoughts are based on experience gained working with the Cambridge newspapers housed in the Cambridgeshire Collection in Cambridge Central Library. They comprise more than thirty titles and include the Cambridge Chronicle, Cambridge Independent Press, Cambridge Daily / Evening News, Cambridgeshire Weekly News, Cambridge Advertiser, Cambridge Standard, Cambridge Graphic, Cambridge Observer and Cambridge Express. The files are complete from 1762.
I know all that – how can you? The major source for the existence and availability of newspapers are the series of Newsplan report published by the British Library Newspaper Library and available online http://newsplan.liem.org.uk. Newsplan is a co-operative effort to ensure that all files of local newspapers are available on microfilm so the prime role of the report is to identify who should film what. But ignore this aspect of the report.
Newsplan volumes are arranged county by county and then title by title, giving some account of its history and development. It lists the period each paper covered and identifies the places they are housed. Typically this will include the British Library newspaper depository at Colingdale, the Cambridge University Library, and the Cambridgeshire Collection. Generally speaking there should be little need to go to North London if you are looking for Cambridge newspapers.
Cambridge University Library holds a wide range of newspapers, local, regional, national and international. Newspapers are listed on the computer catalogue under periodicals and serials. They are either consulted in the Periodicals room, beyond the main reading room, or in the microfilm reading room. This latter always looks closed – because it is permanently in darkness to enable the films to be read more easily. The machines are generally well serviced and include reader-printing facilities. The office at which you request the films by completion of the appropriate form is often empty. It may be that the assistant is fetching film, it may be that you have to ask elsewhere. If after a moment or two there is no sign of life I find it best to ask another user if there is anybody about. Once staff are available the film is fetched quickly.
Like all libraries you are encouraged to use microfilm, but numerous hard paper copies are available. Thus I use their bound volumes of the Cambridge Daily News for 1925 which are in a much better physical condition than those in the Collection. Newspaper volumes are brought into the Periodicals reading room but this is a process that can take some time. It is best to order any hard volume required, then go for a coffee or pursue other research.
The Cambridgeshire Collection in Lion Yard Library, has been an active participant in the Newsplan process and virtually all Cambridgeshire newspapers have now been microfilmed – which means virtually all of them will be made available to you on microfilm. You can always request to use the original volumes for specific purposes. Some of the microfilm – made in my time I add – was not filmed very well and is virtually unreadable. They have microfilm readers and reader-printers which make copies of articles.
All newspapers cover a wide range of local, national and international stories – thus you can read accounts of the activities of Jack the Ripper, or the Cambridge Rapist in either the Times or the Cambridge titles – you would perhaps be best directed however to the News of the World – but such speculation has to be omitted from this paper.
Much of the news contained in newspapers of the early period is culled from national papers and relates to National or International news. The Cambridge papers also carried news and information about the surrounding counties on which they have relied for their circulation. All this and more I shall ignore. I also omit news relating primarily to the University of Cambridge, its administration, conferment of degrees etc. Without these omissions my task would be immeasurably more difficult.
For the purpose of this paper I will restrict myself to the coverage of Cambridge and Cambridgeshire information in Cambridge and Cambridgeshire papers.
The newspaper contains various types of information of importance to the local researcher – news, feature articles, illustrations and advertisements. News content of the papers is at once relatively easy and extremely difficult to exploit.
Projects which require information on a specific event for which you have a precise date pose few problems. One can turn to the relevant paper and there is the information, transcript of evidence and, in the later papers, often illustrations of the scene. It is relatively easy to pursue protects which are limited by a definite date - the 1853 election, crime 100 years ago, local activity during World War 1; here all that is required is a few hours browsing through the papers of that period.
It does not require too many hours to trace village news simply by turning to the relevant column on the relevant page where such news is usually reported.
This, however, is but scratching the surface of the news content. The weekly Issues of the Cambridge press comprise a chronological account of history surpassing the monumental work of C.H. Cooper's "Annals of Cambridge" and also relating to Cambridgeshire. To utilise the information contained one needs some systematic form of Indexing.
"What is news today is history tomorrow”. The earliest form of newspaper indexing practised at Cambridge Libraries is that of the cuttings files and Cambridge's first librarian, John Pink, instituted such a system for purely library news in the 1850s. It was in the early 1960's, however, that systematic newspaper cuttings were taken relating to a large number of local topics, and this system is continued and modified until today the Cambridgeshire Collection files cuttings under some 750 different topics with various indexes and cross-references to gain maximum use of the news contained. These cuttings files are consulted more frequently than are the newspapers themselves. They save considerable time and make possible studies of projects such as the Lion Yard development, or growth of Bar Hill village in greater depth than would otherwise be feasible. However as far as crime is concerned it was policy in my time to take reviews of the increase or decline in statistics, but otherwise not to file cuttings on individual criminal acts, unless they were of the most serious type. For such information you will have to plod through the papers page by page, day by day.
It is only practical to construct such files on a current basis. One cannot make retrospective cuttings. In order to utilise older papers, therefore, other techniques have to be devised.
There are two forms of newspaper indexes produced by the paper themselves. One is the "Review of the year" which is sometimes published at the change of the year and summarises events week by week. These record the more important happenings – just in which year was that footbridge constructed. The Collection holds a list of which papers produced such Reviews for which years.
The other is the feature, "From our old files" which appeared in the Cambridge Chronicle for about 100 years and comprised three or four items of news from papers 25, 50, 100 and 150 years before. The Cambridgeshire Collection contains scrapbooks of these columns over some 20 years and these provide good indexes to some of the more "interesting" stories carried.
I myself continue the tradition each day in the CEN, scanning newspapers for 100, 75, 50 and 25 years ago and currently covering the years 1897-1915, 1922-1939, 1947-1964 and 1972-1989. These may be searched and downloaded for free https://archive.org/details/LookingBackCambridgeshireStories18971989ByMikePetty ; I have actual copies of articles if you need them.
At the Cambridgeshire Collection you will find a card index covering not only newspaper stories but also other references to unexpected sources of snippets of information. This is separate from the book catalogue which itself includes entries not only for individual chapters in books, but also articles in periodicals. The book catalogue should always be checked first. It is no longer available to you on cards – you have to use the computer catalogue which is far less user-friendly and even more inaccurate than my old typed cards. It is however – in part – available on the Internet so you can sit at home and search it
Books were classified using subject numbers – c.22 agriculture, c.39 folklore. The number for crime is c.34.6, for police c.34.7, for incendiarism c.34.75. Whatever heading applies to the books also applies to the News Index
The news index is arranged like the book catalogue but in three sections - Cambridge a-z, classified subject and village. Each section has three sequences - chronological 1770-1819, by year 1820-1899 and a miscellany of information and facts
Chronicle Index 1770-1819
The first major indexing project was to record the Cambridgeshire content in the Cambridge Chronicle from 1770. It was a slow task. Even with the scant news contained in these earlier papers it took at least one hour of sustained work to index one month's issue with entries recorded on catalogue cards.
The period saw development in many fields; expansion of the turnpike roads, enclosure activity with several instances of sustained opposition. Villages were characterised by land sales, arson, debates over enclosure.
Cambridge news includes formation and bankruptcy of banks, the sale of materials of the Castle, theatrical performances, new bridges, concerts and coffee houses, Barnwell building boom, balloon assents - and descents, private schools throughout the area. Court cases and advertisements were also recorded. Such town and county news was indexed between 1770 and 1819
Village index, 1820-1899
As the newspapers continue into the later years of the nineteenth century the amount of news increase making such a comprehensive index much more difficult. One answer was to divide the indexing into more manageable sections. Chief amongst these is the index to village news appearing in the "Town and County" and "Isle of Ely" columns of the Cambridge Chronicle.
Volunteers plodded through each issue and recorded stories relating to each village in the county, excluding however, the larger settlements such as Wisbech, Ely and Chatteris. These cards are filed chronologically and cover the period from 1820 to 1900, revealing a vast amount of information not previously accessible on each place.
As the cards have been filed so the items which have a subject interest - arson, crime, transport & transportation, emigration, etc. have been copied to the classified section of the news index.
It cannot be a complete record of every incident of incendiarism or crime that occurred. The Cambridge Chronicle correspondent may not have noticed it, the paper itself my have chosen not to publish it for fear of fanning the flames or spreading alarm – just as bomb hoaxes are not usually reported today. Or there may have been a complete column of such stories on a different page, not in the village news column, and thus outside the scope of the indexers’ brief. Court cases are a particular example of this. You may find an incident briefly reported in the village news column but the more detailed trial is not referred to, although it duly appears in the paper some weeks or months later.
Chadwyck Healey Microfiche.
The News Index entries have been microfilmed by Chadwyck Healey as part of their ‘National Inventory of Documentary Sources’ series of microfiche – which as you may know also cover certain of the holdings of the County record office. These are available in the UL Microfilm reading room.
Many of these village and subject stories have been transcribed to form the basis of "Chronicles" - extracts from the Cambridge Chronicle newspaper. Ely stories 1820-1860 have also been transcribed, though not indexed on cards. Many Chronicles have been published, sometimes summarising the story, sometimes printing them in full and sometimes illustrating them with additional contemporary items, such as Handbills (of which the Collection has a major file). Fulbourn stories from 1762 to 1955 with headlines up to October 1980 were published in 4 volumes of Fulbourn Chronicle by D.G. Crane in a remarkable personal project. All this gives the researcher a fuller opportunity to evaluate the information contained in one newspaper. . These allow the researcher to make more effective use of the information contained in at least part of this one local newspaper. I am not aware that a “Crime chronicle” or a “Police chronicle” has been compiled or published, but when you consult the News Index for whatever heading a distinctive blue coloured card will draw your attention to the existence of any transcript. Do use them, you will save an awful lot of time.
Ely stories appearing in the Cambridge Chronicle 1820-1850 may be read and downloaded from https://archive.org/details/ElyChronicle182050
This remarkable record is being supplemented by lists of the major local articles reported elsewhere in the paper. These take the form of a chronological "contents" list with the volunteer tasked to record the major stories outside the Town and County News columns. These contents sheet stories were then added to the news index. Thus the week-by-week accounts of church restoration noted in the village column are supplemented by the much fuller reports of its reopening. These contents have been produced for a number of years and a number of papers, including non-Cambridge titles.
Virtually every issue of a local paper will include some report of court cases. The amount of detail revealed about everyday life is remarkable. They remain one area where indexing has not proceeded to any extent, scope for a future project
One expects newspapers to contain news, but the feature articles are the unexpected bonus that is there for the finding. These have been located both by systematic searches and whilst browsing for other information. Many of Dr. W.M. Palmer's histories were originally published in the press, as was Arthur Gray's, "Cambridge re-visited” and have been subsequently reprinted. My own ‘Pickwick’s Cambridge scrapbook 1838’ which has now been running the Cambridge Weekly News for some five years has brought into print material never available before.
Much more however, lies unknown to researchers. These include articles on the executions at Cambridge castle, reprinting the accounts published by the newspaper at the time - and you can imagine just how much time this can save. The Cambridge Graphic in its short life (1900-1902) contained numerous features including one on the opening of Cambridge police station.
But the most remarkable are articles on the crime and poverty of Barnwell & the Ely and fenland opium eating reprinted in the Cambridge Chronicle in the 1850's from the national Morning Chronicle. But not all the Morning Chronicle articles were reprinted, others are to be found in the pages of that paper, and guidance on where to look can be found in E.J. Hobsbawn & G. Rude’s ‘Captain Swing’ 1969 – so by reading a book you can save hours of plodding, if only you know there’s a book to start with …
The indexing described as generally been concerned with smaller communities, not with the detail of Cambridge itself. There are two indexes which start to fill the gap.
Century of Cambridge Daily News
When I was commissioned to produce the Cambridge Evening News centenary picture book in 1988 I decided to take the opportunity to index headline stories for about 80 Cambridge topics from 1888 to 1998. They cover subjects such as planning, shopping, transport, tourism, university activities, war and crime. To compile them I went through each newspaper cuttings file, every ‘Review of the Year’ & ‘Peeps from the Past’, and when there were years without such a record the papers themselves. The result is a three-folder ‘Century of Cambridge Daily News’ index in classified order. Each story has a reference which links to pages of notes identifying the actual source of the story. It is not particularly user-friendly but it does work, and it does reveal a massive amount of information not previously available and represent a unique source for more recent happenings. These folders are still available on request at the Cambridgeshire Collection desk.
I have supplemented this with stories from the ‘Looking Back’ column I have compiled since 1997 covering the years 1897-1910, 1922-1935, 1947-1960 and 1972-1985. These will be added to my website but in the meantime please email me for anything you require.
Cooper’s ‘Annals of Cambridge’ stop in 1856, the ‘Century of Cambridge Daily News’ starts in 1888. In an attempt to bridge the intervening 32 years I started to index the Cambridge stories in the Chronicle in “Contents” format, with subsequent additions to the News Index. One day I hope to complete it. These notes are filed in the Cambridgeshire Collection and available on request
Most of the above relates to one newspaper, the Cambridge Chronicle. But other titles will carry other news seen in different ways by their village correspondent. As a guide to these the Cambridge Independent Press has been village indexed for certain years throughout the century allowing comparison to be made. From initial observation it appears that although the Cambridge Chronicle is the better paper for most areas there are some settlements, Wicken and Willingham amongst them, for which the Cambridge Independent Press carries far more news. Then there are the other 30 or so Cambridge titles yet to be tackled in any systematic way.
Cambridge is not the only centre in which newspapers have been published. Some papers with a provincial title - such as the Ely, Newmarket or Huntingdon Weekly News are regionalised editions of the Cambridge Weekly News, containing a common core of stories but with variant pages relating to their individual localities. The "Weekly News" series were initially published as a weekly version of the "Cambridge Daily News" from 1888. They were discontinued as separate titles about 1909, only to be resurrected as free papers in the 1980s; such genealogy of newspapers is another topic.
The Sharman group of newspapers published titles from March, Ely and Huntingdon, and like other papers such as the Newmarket Journal had a completely separate newsgathering organisation, relying heavily on village correspondents. Today they maintain that tradition and carry a range of village stories much different from those appearing in Cambridge titles. They will also cover crime in their own patch more fully
This has been indexed in some detail for the war periods 1914-1919 and 1939-45, with contents lists for several of the intervening years. There are "Peeps from the past", cuttings covering 1927-32, 1947-52, 1957-62. You should request these from the staff
As well as "contents" stories this title has been separately indexed between 1888 and 1926 by a team of volunteers based at Wisbech. They covered village news and also tried to cope with the far more complicated tasks of classified indexing Wisbech and March stories with somewhat less success. The main index is now not housed in the search room, you should ask for it by name.
Advertisements are a significant source of information especially in the older newspapers, giving details of property sold, dimensions of windmill sails and more. Then there are advertisements for services - Mr Ruspini, dentist is now resident In Sidney Street for two weeks; itinerant artists paint portraits, 'John Dimock breaks young horses". They also include public notices of enclosure applications, turnpike tolls or the establishment of associations to combat crime. These have been indexed over the period 1770-1819. Later papers contain advertisements about railway services - those appearing in the Cambridge Advertiser including a vignette of a modern steam engine - of the 1850s; modern charabancs for hire in. the 1920's; early Pye televisions etc., all of which have a relevance to some student. Advertisements can, however, prove a serious distraction to the researcher, as it is all too easy to get diverted by the wealth of interesting advertisements for everything, from cures for cancer to sales of land in North America!
Line illustrations appear in some papers before 1900 but are not common. However the Cambridge Express carried a series of views of the county in the 1890s and the Cambridge Advertiser published views of the railway station at its opening in 1845
Photographs appear in the Cambridge Graphic of 1900. The Cambridge Graphic illustrations are of good quality and include an impressive feature on the new police station at its opening in 1901. They do not become common in the major papers until the 1920s. One of the principal features in the Cambridge Chronicle from that date until its closure in 1934 was a series of weekly "Peeps from, the Past", which reproduced old photographs and other illustrations sent in by its readers. These range from the general views of Petty Cury and Sidney Street to rare pictures of steam-tugs and the bridge which was built to connect the Guildhall with the Corn Exchange for use during dances. In addition there are the "news" pictures of, for example, the fire at Grantchester Mill-, an open-top double-decker bus being used as a base from which to lop branches from trees, the opening of New Square car park. These illustrations, like others wherever they appear, are catalogued in the main illustrations catalogue of the Cambridgeshire Collection.
Births, deaths and marriages
Nowadays newspapers are not only available to those who can read. Various Talking News projects exist to read important information onto cassettes for the blind – and the main feature of interest is the list of hatches, matches and despatches. Such information has always been carried by local newspapers, often in a column on the news page. The details can be extremely sketchy, though the mere words ‘respectable farmer’ mean a great deal to the family researcher. But there may also be obituaries of more prominent members of the community that can appear elsewhere, and at times a detailed account of the funeral or wedding with a long list of wreathes or wedding gifts enabling researchers to establish relations or relationships. It would be nice to report that all these have been indexed. They have not. There is however in the Cambridgeshire Collection a ‘Biography’ index that records biographical articles whether they appear in newspapers or in books such as the ‘Who’s who in Cambridgeshire’ or ‘Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire Leaders’ type of volumes, or indeed have their own published biography. It also contains references to portraits in other areas of the collection, though these should be used in conjunction with the Palmer Clarke and Ramsey and Muspratt photographic negatives (see Mike Petty notes on catalogues and photographers)
The future of newspaper indexing
There is still considerable scope for the traditional methods of scanning and indexing to continue. It is a lengthy task, yet one which is feasible, given strict guidelines of what is to be listed. Newspapers volumes themselves are crumbling and although they have been filmed it is much more difficult to index from microfilm.
Today newspapers are compiled using computer technology and the Cambridge News, Ely Standard, Wisbech Standard and other papers can be searched online for more recent stories.
Long files of other newspapers can be searched online. These include:
The Times digital archive 1785-1985 website - //times_digital_archive.htm is available via the Cambridgeshire Libraries website -www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/leisure/libraries/online/
Lincolnshire Newspaper extracts 1780-1920 - www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/lfhs/NewspaperExtracts
Overseas newspapers searchable
American newspapers, 1880- - www.loc.gov/chroniclingamerica
Newspaper Abstracts - www.newspaperabstracts.com
Australian papers 1803-1954 - Australian Newspapers Beta:–http://ndpbeta.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/home
New Zealand newspapers from 1839-1920 – Paperspast - http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz
Through such methods one can endeavour to access the vast amount of information contained within the local newspaper, which all too often can quietly crumble into dust. It will self-destruct whether it is used or not like all other records – though as we have seen, uniquely, it is a record that has been filmed to ensure its survival. It is a history book written day by day, with all its faults and failings it remains as ever it was, a unique record of local life
M.J. Murphy. Cambridge Newspapers & Opinion 1780-1850.
Oleander Press. 1977
M.J. Petty. The Albatross Inheritance: Local Studies Libraries. MCB University Press. 1985
available online https://archive.org/details/PettyM.J.TheAlbatrossInheritance.1985
NEWSPAPERS IN THE CAMBRIDGESHIRE COLLECTION; revised Jan
|Cambridge & Hertford Independent Press||1828-29|
|Cambridge Daily News||1888-|
|Cambridge Free Press||1855,1880|
|Cambridge Guardian||1838, Mar 6,13|
|Cambridge Independent Press||1815-1981|
|Cambridge Journal & Flying Post||1761,64||odd issues|
|Cambridge Journal & Wisbech Chronicle||1864|
|Cambridge Sporting News||1929|
|Cambridge Weekly News||1981-|
|Cambs & Eastern Counties Weekly Gazette||1899|
|Cambridgeshire News||1861||single issue 29 June|
|Cambridgeshire Times||1879, 1881-89, 1912, 1946, 1988-|
|Cambridgeshire Weekly News||1889-1917|
|Cambridgeshire Weekly News||1981-1986|
|Chatteris News & Isle County Press||1903-15|
|Classified, Bassingbourn area||1977-|
|Classified, Cambridge area|
|Daily Independent Press||1892|
|Ely Gazette||1898, 1900-3,1905-6, 1909-10, 1912|
|Ely Weekly Guardian||1889-1898, 1905-1909|
|Ely Weekly News||1889, Apr 11|
|Ely Weekly News||1981-|
|Haverhill Weekly News||1889-1909|
|Haverhill Weekly News||1981-|
|Herts. and Cambs Reporter.||1970-|
|Home News & Temperance Advocate||1876-1877|
|Huntingdon, Bedford, Peterborough & Cambridge Gazette||1815-20|
|Huntingdon Weekly News||1985-|
|Isle of Ely Advertiser||1970-75|
|Linton & Sawston Express,||1856||(file 1855-57 in BL)|
|March & Chatteris Advertiser & Isle Gazette||1873-4, 77-8|
|Newmarket Free Press,||1928, Nov 21|
|Newmarket Weekly News||1889-1909|
|Newmarket Weekly News||1981 -|
|Royston Weekly News||1889,1890,1891-1909|
|Royston Weekly News||1986-|
|Saffron Walden Weekly News||1889-1909|
|Saffron Walden Weekly News||1981 -|
|St. Ives Chronicle||1889-1901|
|St Ives Weekly News||1985 -|
|St Neots Monthly||1878-1885|
|St Neots Weekly News||1981 -|
|Star in the East||1836-40|
|Stop Press with Varsity||1973-8|
|Town Crier, Cambridge||1975-|
|Town Crier, Ely||1987 -|
|Town Crier, Haverhill||1990 -|
|Town Crier, Newmarket||1987 -|
|Town Crier, Royston||1990-|
|Town Crier, Saffron Walden||1990-|
|Town Crier, St Ives||1987-|
|Town Crier, St Neots||1987-|
|Town Crier, Whittlesey||1987-|
|Wisbech Advertiser||1845-1962||missing 1940|
|Wisbech Standard||1888-1973, 1989-92, 2005-2008|
Note : most titles have been microfilmed and will generally
only be available for use on film
mfo: Microfilm file only
This list may not be complete, but these titles are held
in the Collection.
NEWSPAPER POLITICS AND INDEXING
politics Tory / ultra Tory
indexing: extensive - includes news 1770-1819, village news 1820-1899, "contents", Review of Year, "From our old files" features, illustrations; Ely stories 1820-1860 transcribed but not indexed
The longest-running title and principal source of local information; supports the established church, often does not report nonconformity
CAMBRIDGE DAILY NEWS:
“neutral in politics, all interests and classes catered for";
Light Blue sport edition 1974-1981
changed title to Cambridge News & Cambridge Evening News
Cambridge & other Weekly News series published cl 889-1909
indexing: various, cuttings 1958 to date
"free and unbiased; edited by disaffected CIP worker; in 1890 taken over by Tory-formed company and soon "Labourers News" ceased. Ceased due to low circulation & amalgamated with Cambridge Weekly News
Probably the source of newspaper columns cuttings for the Swavesey area compiled by C.R.Vincent c1880-1920
CAMBRIDGE FREE PRESS, & Charles Knight's town
and country newspaper, nos.2-3, June-Jul 1855
first 2 pages carry local news, last page local advertisements, rest is not local
Started as an eight-page daily newspaper with various editions, together with a weekly newspaper. The enterprise proved unprofitable and the papers were wound up in 1900 though the printing side of the business continued until 1902
well-illustrated title, including photographs and feature articles; equivalent almost to a modern Sunday newspaper supplement
politics: Liberal - Whig
CAMBRIDGE INDEPENDENT PRESS
politics: Radical - Whig
indexing : some village news
The political rival of the Cambridge Chronicle; good for nonconformist news
Radical, a "national" paper published in Cambridge
CAMBRIDGE JOURNAL AND FLYING POST
neutral - Tory
CAMBRIDGE OBSERVER AND COUNTY GUARDIAN
“gives undeviating support to Conservatives”; some saw as mid-weekly Cambridge Chronicle; ceased after Conservatives won 1886 election
excellent source of feature articles, largely supported by Dr W.M. Palmer, the Linton antiquarian
indexed for village news and certain general stories 1914-19, 1939-45, various "contents" lists
HERTS AND CAMBS REPORTER and ROYSTON CROW
title concentrating on the Hertfordshire - Cambridgeshire border
supports Conservative cause, attracting working classes as was cheapest paper in town, only halfpenny weekly; stopped shortly after Tories obtained Cambridge Express
STAR IN THE EAST
very radical newspaper published in Wisbech, involved in early Co-operative movement
indexing: card index to village news 1888-1926, transcripts 1894, 97, 1902, 05,07; various "contents" lists (in Wisbech library)